Ally 2005

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African holiday Oct 2005 Part 1

African holiday Oct 2005 Part 2

My Accident in 1995

Are new amputees unrealistic?

Finding the CP you want

MAS Socket Diaries

MAS Test Socket Photo's AUGUST 2005

Building a disabled friendly house

What to do when a new amputee comes home

Glossary of Terms

Can a planned amputee take control of their pain?

Lightning Hazard???

Skydiving with an Amputee

Paragliding with an Amputee

Your Responsibility to your Disability

The Phantom of Pain - by Alistair Plint

Lesley's RBK Story

Contact Ally




GLOSSARY of terms....

I have gathered these from all sorts of sites, people and places. Hopefully it will help you decipher the strange language that is peculiar to the disabled community. I have included body parts (bones, muscles and other bits), prosthetic components & units, and a couple of other words & abbreviations that have found their way into the accepted gimp dictionary. If you have anything to add, please let me know, and I will include them here. Here we go...all alphabetically sorted for your reading pleasure!

Please refresh your browser quickly, we update regularly.

Abduction: Motion of a body part away from the midline of the body.

Abrasion: Wearing away of the skin through rubbing or friction.

Adduction: Motion of a body part toward the midline of the body.

AEA / AE: Above elbow amputee amputee or "transhumoral" amputee.

AKA / AK: Above knee amputee or "transfemoral" amputee

Alignment: position of prosthetic socket in relation to foot and knee.

Amputation: Loss or absence of all or part of a limb.

Anterior: Front

Assistive /Adaptive Equipment: Devices that assist in activities or mobility, including ramps, bars, changes in furniture heights, environmental control units and other devices.

BAK / BAKA: Bilateral above knee amputee.

BBK / BBKA: Bilateral below knee amputee.

BE / BEA: Below elbow amputee or "transradial" amputee.

Bilateral amputee: A person missing either both arms or both legs, a double amputee.

Biomechanics: Applying mechanical principles to the study of how the human body moves.

BK / BKA: Below knee amputee or "transtibial" amputee.

BOC: Board for Orthotists/Prosthetists Certification

Body Image: The awareness and perception of one's own body related to both appearance and function.

Carpals: Small bones close to your wrist.

Check or Test Socket: A temporary socket, often transparent, made over the plaster model to aid in obtaining proper fit and function of the prosthesis.

Congenital Amputee: Individual born missing a limb(s).

Contracture: Tightening of muscles around a joint which restricts the range of motion

Cosmesis: Refers to the appearance of the prosthesis, whether a "naturalistic" treatment is attempted with an outer cover.

CP (Certified Prosthetist): A person who has attained Certification in Prosthetics.

CPO (Certified Prosthetist-Orthotist): A person who has attained a Certification in Prosthetics and Orthotics.

Crutches - Axillary: A crutch that extends up into your armpit and has a handle between the bars to bear weight on with your hands.

Crutches - Forearm: A crutch that extends up to a handle and has an additional extension that wraps around your forearm for additional support.

Crutches - Folding: Something that all amputees are hoping someone in South Africa will manufacture locally. Come on guys!

DAK: Double (aka bilateral) above knee amputee.

Definitive, or "Permanent" Prosthesis: A replacement for a missing limb or part of a limb which meets accepted check-out standards for comfort, fit, alignment, function, appearance, and durability.

Desensitisation: The process of making the residual limb less sensitive to touch by massaging, tapping or using a vibrator.

Distal: (1) The end of the residual limb. (2) Farther from the central portion of the body. Opposite of proximal.

Disarticulation: an amputation through a joint.

Dorsiflexion: pointing the toe/foot upward.

ED: Elbow Disarticulation; an amputation through the elbow joint.

Edema: A local or generalized condition in which the body tissues contain an excess of fluid.

Elastic Wrap: Elasticized bandage used to prevent swelling and encourage shrinkage and maturation of the residual limb.

Elbow Disarticulation: Amputation of the arm through the elbow.

Endoskeletal Prosthesis: prosthesis built more like a human skeleton with support and components on the inside.

Energy storing foot: A prosthetic foot designed with a flexible heel.

Exoskeletal Prosthesis: a prosthesis that is hollow on the inside with a hard outer surface to bear weight.

Extention (knee): standing position.

Flexion Contracture: When your knee or hip is bent and you can't straighten it out.

Flexion (knee): sitting position.

Fibula: The smaller of the two bones in your shin, located toward the rear and outside.

Forequarter Amputation (Interscapulthorasic): Amputation of the Arm, shoulder, clavicle and scapula.

Gait Training: Learning how to walk with your prosthesis or prostheses.

Gimp : Someone who walks with a limp (slang).

HD (Hip Disarticulation): Amputation which removes the leg at the hip joint, leaving the pelvis intact.

HP (Hemipelvectomy): An amputation where approximately half of the pelvis is removed.

Ischial Containment Socket: is a derivative of the Narrow ML, as a special attempt is made to form a little pocket for the ischium to sit in.

Ischial Tuberosity: the large sitting bone: A bone that protrudes from your pelvis that may get sore when sitting on a hard surface for extended periods of time.

Ischium: The lower portion of the hipbone. This is the bone that protrudes from your pelvis that may get sore when sitting on a hard surface for extended periods of time.

Knee Disarticulation (KD) or through the knee (TDK): Amputation of the leg through the knee.

LAE: Left above elbow amputee.

LAK:Left below knee amputee.

LAK: Left above knee amputee.

Lateral: to the side, away from the mid-line of the body.

LBE: Left below elbow amputee.

LBK:Left below knee amputee.

Liner: Suspension systems used to attach prosthesis to the residual limb. These liners may be made of silicon, pelite or gel substances.

MAS Socket: Marlo Anatomical Socket (AK)- provides ssupport from the pubic ramus rather than the ischium and features lower trim lines in the front and back.

Medial: toward the mid-line of the body.

Metacarpals: Bones behind your fingers.

Metatarsals: Bones behind your toes.

Multiaxis foot: Allows inversion and eversion and rotation of foot and is effective for walking on uneven surfaces.

Neuroma: The end of a nerve left after amputation, which continues to grow in a cauliflower shape.

NWB: Non-weight bearing.

Occupational Therapy/OT: Teaching how to perform activities of daily living such as feeding, grooming, bathing and dressing as independently as possible.

Orthotics: the profession of providing devices to support and straighten the body.

Orthotist: A skilled professional who fabricates orthotic devices that are prescribed by a physician.

Orthosis: A device that is used to protect, support, or improve function of parts of the body that move.

Paragliding: Something an amputee should try at least once.

Pelvis / Pelvic Girdle: Series of bones shaped like a basket just above your hips.

Phantom pain: Pain, which seems to originate in the portion of the limb, which was removed.

Phantom sensation: The normal ghost image of the absent limb may feel normal at times and at other times, be uncomfortable or painful.

Physiatrist: A doctor of Rehabilitation Medicine who specializes in the comprehensive management of patients with impairments and disabilities arising from neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and vascular disorders.

Physical Therapist: A therapist who is concerned with your gross motor activities such as transfers, gait training, and how to function with or without a prosthesis.

Pistoning: Refers to the residual limb slipping up and down inside the Prosthetic socket while walking.

Pneumatic/Hydraulic: Used in reference to knee joints and provides controlled changes in the speed of walking.

Prosthesis: An artificial part of the body. In the case of amputees, usually an arm or a leg.

Prosthetics: The profession of providing cosmetic and/or functional restoration of missing human parts.

Prosthetist: A person involved in the science and art of prosthetics; one who designs and fits artificial limbs.

Proximal: Nearer to the central portion of the body; opposite of distal.

Posterior: The back side of the body or part in question, i.e. posterior knee or patellar region.

PTB: Patellar Tendon Bearing BK Prosthesis where weight is on the tendon below the kneecap.

PWB: Partial weight bearing.

PWD : People/persons with a disability.

Pylon: A rigid member, usually tubular, between the socket or knee unit and the foot that provides a weight bearing support shaft for an endoskeletal prosthesis.

Quad Socket: A socket designed for an above the knee amputee which has four distinctive sides allowing the muscles to function as much as possible.

RAE: Right above elbow amputee.

RAK: Right above knee amputee.

Radius: Forearem bone, on the same side as your thumb.

Ramus: The middle portion of the pubic bone, in the crotch area. The front middle portion of the pubic bone, palpated just above the genitals

Range of motion: The amount of movement a limb has in a specific direction at a specific joint such as your hip or knee.

RBE: Right below elbow amputee.

RBK: Right below knee amputee.

Rehabilitation: The process of restoring a person who has been debilitated by a disease or injury to a functional life.

Residual limb: The portion of the arm or leg remaining after the amputation. Some people refer to it as a "stump".

SACH Foot: Solid-Ankle Cushion Heel prosthetic foot.

Shock Pylon: A prosthetic pylon that dampens the vertical forces exerted on the residual limb.

Shoulder Disarticulation (SD): Amputation through the shoulder joint.

Shrinker: A prosthetic reducer made of elastic material and designed to help control swelling of the residual limb (edema) and/or shrink it in preparation for a prosthetic fitting.

Single Axis Foot: This foot is based on an ankle hinge that provides dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. I.e. toe up & toe down.

Shock pylon: A shock absorber used to cushion the impact of walking.

Shuttle lock: A mechanism that locks a pin attached to the distal end of a liner locking the residual limb into a socket.

Skydiving: Something an amputee should try at least once.

Soft socket: A soft-liner built into a prosthetic socket to provide cushioning or permit muscle function.

Split hooks: Terminal devices with two hook-shaped fingers operated through the action of harness and cable systems.

Stance control: Friction device with an adjustable brake mechanism to add stability to a prosthetic knee unit.

Stump: A word commonly used to refer to the residual limb.

Suction socket: A socket designed to provide suspension by means of negative pressure vacuum in a socket; achieved by forcing air out of the socket through a one-way valve when donning and using the prosthesis.

Supercondular Suspension: A method of holding on prosthesis by clamping on the bony prominence above a joint, called "Condyles"

Suspension system(s): The method used to hold the prosthesis on to the body. Includes locking pin, TES belt, suspension sleeve, waist belt, supercondular, PTB and suction.

Swing phase: Prosthesis moving from full flexion to full extension. Usually used in reference to prosthetic knee units.

Switch control: Use of electric switches to control current from a battery to operate an electric elbow, wrist rotator or terminal device

Symes amputation: An amputation through the ankle joint that retains the fatty heel pad portion and is intended to provide end weight bearing.

Temporary Prosthesis: A prosthesis made soon after an amputation as an inexpensive way to help retrain a person to walk and balance while shrinking the residual limb.

TEC: Total Environmental Control liner

TES belt: A neoprene or Lycra suspension system for AK prostheses that has a ring that the prosthesis slides into. There is a neoprene belt that attaches around your waist by Velcro/hook and loop fastener. Is use to give added suspension of a prosthesis and/or control rotation.

Tibia: The larger of the two bones in your shin.

Traumatic amputation: An amputation that is the result of an injury.

Tuberosity: Projection of bone that muscles and tendons hang onto.

Ulna: Forearm bone, on the side away from your thumb.

Valgus: Knee bending inward toward the midline of the body.

Varus: Knee bending outward away from the midline of the body.

Wrist Disarticulation (WD): Amputation through the wrist







Chronic Pain Chronic pain management by Dr Mitchell

Disability sport in South Africa DISSA

THE ANGRY GIMP Awesome must read site!

Marco Du Plooy My Pretoria based prosthetist

Sleeve Art by Fred's Legs

Employment Guidelines from SA Dept of Labour for PWD's & employers

Amputee Resource - Al Pike CP

MAS Socket - information

Fly SA - Paragliding

Jam Ally Entertainment - where Ally works

Eric Morse - Para-sport photographer & friend (Canada)